1D3E5756-1.jpg

Australian Pigeons

Australasia is the global centre of pigeon diversity and Australia has over 20 native species of the pigeon family, the Columbidae. Pigeons are stout-bodied birds with short necks. They have short slender bills suited to their diet of seeds, fruit, and plants. Australian cities are also home to the introduced feral rock pigeon.

Photo: The Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove (24 cm) inhabits the rain-forests and mangroves of northern and north-east Australia. Their fruit diet and role in seed dispersal maintains diversity in tropical forests.

The White-headed Pigeon (40 cm) is found at forest fringes east of Australia’s Great Dividing Range. They feed on rain-forest fruit and seeds and have a special taste for the introduced Camphor Laurel.

The White-headed Pigeon (40 cm) is found at forest fringes east of Australia’s Great Dividing Range. They feed on rain-forest fruit and seeds and have a special taste for the introduced Camphor Laurel.

This Brown Cuckoo-Dove (45 cm) is also a bird of the forest’s edge, found along Australia’s east coast and as far north as the Philippines. They feed on fruit, berries and seeds.

This Brown Cuckoo-Dove (45 cm) is also a bird of the forest’s edge, found along Australia’s east coast and as far north as the Philippines. They feed on fruit, berries and seeds.

The Emerald Dove (27 cm) is widespread across Southeast Asia and is found in the forests of northern and eastern Australia. They eat seeds and fruit, feeding on the ground.

The Emerald Dove (27 cm) is widespread across Southeast Asia and is found in the forests of northern and eastern Australia. They eat seeds and fruit, feeding on the ground.

Common Bronzewings (36 cm) are found across the Australian continent in a wide range of habitats. They feed on plants and seeds on the ground.

Common Bronzewings (36 cm) are found across the Australian continent in a wide range of habitats. They feed on plants and seeds on the ground.

Another widespread bird is the Crested Pigeon (35 cm) seen in woodland, on farms and often in the city. They are seed eaters feeding on the ground, sometimes taking insects when available.

Another widespread bird is the Crested Pigeon (35 cm) seen in woodland, on farms and often in the city. They are seed eaters feeding on the ground, sometimes taking insects when available.

This northern territory bird, the Partridge Pigeon (28 cm) was seen at Jabiru in Kakadu National Park. They eat grass and acacia seeds.

This northern territory bird, the Partridge Pigeon (28 cm) was seen at Jabiru in Kakadu National Park. They eat grass and acacia seeds.

The Peaceful Dove (24 cm) inhabits the open woodlands across most of Australia except in the south-west and Tasmania. They feed from the ground on seeds and insects.

The Peaceful Dove (24 cm) inhabits the open woodlands across most of Australia except in the south-west and Tasmania. They feed from the ground on seeds and insects.

The Diamond Dove (24 cm) is named for the white spots on the wings of adult birds. They are found across most of Australia except Tasmania. They feed on the ground on grass seeds.

The Diamond Dove (24 cm) is named for the white spots on the wings of adult birds. They are found across most of Australia except Tasmania. They feed on the ground on grass seeds.

Bar-shouldered Doves (30 cm) live across the woodlands of eastern and northern Australia. They eat seeds of grasses, herbs and sedges, and rhizomes.

Bar-shouldered Doves (30 cm) live across the woodlands of eastern and northern Australia. They eat seeds of grasses, herbs and sedges, and rhizomes.

The Wonga Pigeon (40 cm) is a forest and woodland bird found on Australia’s south east fringe. They are great walkers feeding on seeds, fallen fruit and some insects.

The Wonga Pigeon (40 cm) is a forest and woodland bird found on Australia’s south east fringe. They are great walkers feeding on seeds, fallen fruit and some insects.

Australia is home to four Fruit-Doves; the Banded Fruit-Dove, Wompoo Fruit-Dove, Superb Fruit-Dove and the Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove seen here. They are all inhabitants of rain-forests of the north and east coast.

Australia is home to four Fruit-Doves; the Banded Fruit-Dove, Wompoo Fruit-Dove, Superb Fruit-Dove and the Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove seen here. They are all inhabitants of rain-forests of the north and east coast.

Pied Imperial Pigeons (42 cm) are distributed through Southeast Asia. They are found in Australia’s north, breeding during the spring and summer, many migrating to New Guinea for the winter. They feed in trees on fruit.

Pied Imperial Pigeons (42 cm) are distributed through Southeast Asia. They are found in Australia’s north, breeding during the spring and summer, many migrating to New Guinea for the winter. They feed in trees on fruit.

The Topknot Pigeon (45 cm) is easily recognised by its bizarre headgear. They fly fast and far along Australia’s eastern parts in search of ripening fruit.

The Topknot Pigeon (45 cm) is easily recognised by its bizarre headgear. They fly fast and far along Australia’s eastern parts in search of ripening fruit.

The Spotted Turtle-Dove (32 cm) is an introduced bird seen in our cities and country towns. They feed on the ground on grains, seeds and food scraps.

The Spotted Turtle-Dove (32 cm) is an introduced bird seen in our cities and country towns. They feed on the ground on grains, seeds and food scraps.

This Laughing Turtle-Dove (26 cm) was seen in Perth where it was introduced in the 1890’s. They feed on grain, seeds and food scraps.

This Laughing Turtle-Dove (26 cm) was seen in Perth where it was introduced in the 1890’s. They feed on grain, seeds and food scraps.

The Feral Pigeon or Rock Dove (35 cm), introduced from Europe, is seen widely across Australia, scavenging for food to supplement its diet of seeds.

The Feral Pigeon or Rock Dove (35 cm), introduced from Europe, is seen widely across Australia, scavenging for food to supplement its diet of seeds.