Australasia is the global centre of pigeon diversity and Australia has over 20 native species of the pigeon family, the Columbidae. Pigeons are stout-bodied birds with short necks. They have short slender bills suited to their diet of seeds, fruit, and plants. Australian cities are also home to the introduced feral rock pigeon.
Photo: The Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove (24 cm) inhabits the rain-forests and mangroves of northern and north-east Australia. Their fruit diet and role in seed dispersal maintains diversity in tropical forests.